Issues and challenges in Education, Health and Skill in INDIA

While a large population with a high youth ratio generates hope, it brings with it, issues and challenges, that are unique to it. A few of these major issues and challenges are education, health and skill development.

Education heath and skill development form the basis of a healthy and positive society. With the rapid advent of technology, education forms the basis of development. Any progress will suffer grossly due to the lack of education and consequences can be socially damaging, possibly, catastrophic. Even basic avocations will need a launchpad of education in future. Health, needs to be addressed at primary levels of the society for better percolation through the growing population. Not only is it a matter of awareness but also to prevent the society from unforeseen calamities based on human health issues. Skill is an asset that is imperative to gain as it could define the difference between contributing positively to the society and the inability to do so.

ALIG is working on these three main causes of education, health and skill development, that form the mainstay of it's work with the underprivileged sections of the society.


Dropouts and reduced learning outcomes, while progressing to higher classes, are major issues and challenges impeding the ‘big-leap’ for students. ALIG endeavours to minimize these through Support a School Program.


  • As per the 2011 census, the literacy rate in India is about 74%. However, there exists a huge gap between the top 5 and bottom 5 states.

  • Although, the overall enrolment in primary classes is 97.2%, the drop-out stands at 30% at secondary level in India.

  • The student-to-teacher ratio, national average, is 23:1 in India but in states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand etc. it is well above 60:1.

  • As per ASER 2018, reading and arithmetic levels remain low in government schools in India when compared to private schools.

  • Only 68.5% schools in India as per ASER report, have a useable toilet facility and only 61.9% schools have a separate toilet facility for girls.


Community health services and preventive care effectively reduce the burden on the country’s health system. Both are issues and challenges which awaits prioritization in India. Through its programs ALIG endeavours to make a difference in this area.


  • 23 million girls i.e. about 1 out of 4 school going girls, drop out of schools due to lack of proper menstrual hygiene management in India.

  • Among adolescents issues of mental health, sexually transmitted disease and substance abuse are key issues and challenges.

  • Approximately 2.3 million children between the age of 6-60 months, die annually due to malnutrition related reasons in India.

  • Less than 50 per cent of the population in India has access to safely managed drinking water.

  • There is one government doctor for every 10,189 people in India, whereas the WHO recommendation is 1:1000.



Imparting skill to youth is paramount if India has to become self-reliant. Only relevant future skills will lead to future vocational opportunities. ALIG’s skill development initiative is a step in this direction.


  • Of India’s currently existing labour force of 395.2 million, only 91.6 million are women.

  • India skills report 2015 observes that of all the students applying for roles in the labour market, a mere third had the appropriate skills to match the requirements of the employers.

  • The expected shortfall in labour force in India by the year 2022 would be around 347 million.

  • Only 2.3% of the workforce in India has undergone formal skill training as compared to 68% in the UK, 75% in Germany, 52% in the USA, 80% in Japan and 96% in South Korea.

  • According to one of the studies, an estimated 200 million people in the 15-29 age category would require additional skill-based training over the next 20 years.